Whiplash is a common injury that occurs as a result of a car accident or other personal injury. It is caused by a rapid and forceful movement of the head and neck, often in a rear-end collision. Whiplash can result in pain and stiffness in the neck, shoulders and upper back, as well as headaches, fatigue, and difficulty concentrating. In some cases, it can also cause dizziness, tinnitus, and blurred vision. The pain and symptoms of whiplash can be severe and long-lasting, and may require prolonged treatment. The risk of developing chronic pain and disability is increased in people with pre-existing neck pain, depression or anxiety.
In order to properly diagnose and treat whiplash, a thorough history and physical examination is needed and in some cases, imaging studies such as X-ray, CT or MRI may be required. Treatment options include physical therapy, medications, and in some cases, surgery.