Knee pain is a common condition that can be caused by various factors such as sprains/strains, car accident, injury, arthritis, gout, ligament tears, meniscus tears, knee dislocations, and painful knee replacements. It may present with symptoms such as popping, crunching, swelling, stiffness, weakness, or instability. Sometimes, pain from other areas of the body such as the back or hip can also radiate to the knee.
A diagnosis is made through a thorough history and physical examination, imaging studies such as X-ray, CT, MRI, and sometimes lab studies.
Knee Pain Treatments
Minor knee pain often responds to simple over-the-counter drugs (to relieve pain and inflammation), mild exercises, lifestyle and activity modification, stretching, bracing, and physical therapy. If the pain persists and a more aggressive treatment plan is needed, there are many different treatment options. Potential treatments include steroid injections, viscosupplementation / hyaluronic acid injections, nerve blocks, regenerative injections (PRP, bone marrow), and surgery.