Pain in the foot can be caused by a variety of factors including damage to bones, joints, nails, soft tissues, nerves, and underlying health conditions such as diabetes, peripheral artery disease, and neuropathy. The causes of foot pain can be both internal and external, including ill-fitting shoes, trauma like car accident or falling, sprains, strains, and overuse from activities such as standing, walking, or running.
A diagnosis is made based on a thorough history and physical exam and imaging studies (X-ray, CT, MRI). Minor foot pain often responds to simple over-the-counter drugs (to relieve pain and inflammation), mild exercises, orthotics, lifestyle and activity modification, stretching, and physical therapy. If the pain persists and a more aggressive treatment plan is needed, there are many different treatment options. Potential treatments include steroid injections, nerve blocks, regenerative injections (PRP, bone marrow), nerve stimulation, and surgery.